Lw instruction format

The LW instruction loads data from the data memory through a specified address, with a possible offset, to the. destination register. It's syntax is: LW $destination register's address , offset ( $source register's address). The sample LW instruction demonstrated in the datapath above is LW $26, ($30) . The instruction's equivalent in binary is Answer: 0x00400060 --- address of data0x00400000 --- address in $10$8 --- destination register. The instruction is: lw $8,0x60($10) Machine Instruction for Load Word. Here is the machine code version of the instruction. It specifies the base register, the destination register,and the offset

The 6 Instruction Formats •R-Format: instructions using 3 register inputs -add, xor, mul —arithmetic/logical ops •I-Format: instructions with immediates, loads -addi, lw, jalr, slli •S-Format: store instructions: sw, sb •SB-Format: branch instructions: beq, bge •U-Format: instructions with upper immediate Used by lw (load word), sw (store word) etc There is one more format: the J-type format. Each MIPSinstruction must belong to one of these formats. The instruction format for jump J 10000 is represented a It is my understanding that the lw and sw operations are I-format instructions allowing 2 register operands, and one immediate operand: [opcode] 6-bits, [rs] 5-bits, [rt] 5-bits, [immediate] 16-bits written as: lw $rt, offset($rs) # where offset is an immediate value OK, so let's say I want to access A[i] 이제 I format instruction에서 binary 로 바꿔보자. < I format > lw $t0, 1200($t1) 를 바로 10진수로 표현하면 아래와 같다. 이것을 binary code로 표현하면 아래와 같다. lw $t0, 1200($t1) 를 10001101001010000000010010110000 으로 바꾸었다. 3. J format . op : 연산자. address : 주

MIPS 101 - Nanyang Technological Universit

6 bits. 5 bits. 5 bits. 16 bits. 사용되는 명령어 : Immediate arithmetic, load/store Instruction에 사용된다. 이는 MIPS의 원칙 Make the common case fact를 위해서이다. small constants are common, Immediate operand avoids a load instruction(상수 연산은 흔한데, 상수 연산을 할 때마다 메모리에서 상수를 가져오는 lw연산을 피할 수 있으므로 연산을 매우 빠르게 할 수 있다. Data path forload word (lw) Recall that this instruction has I format: field op rs rt immediate numbits 6 5 5 16 Memory registers 6 5 5 16 32 (instructions) extend sign 32 32 PC 4 32 ALUop Memory (data) 32 control opcode WriteEnable (RegWrite) For lw, the first three steps are the same as in the add instruction, but the remaining steps are quite different R & I-format Datapath The advanced datapath ADDI instruction LW instruction SW instruction BEQ instruction I-type instruction simulator. Jump Instructions J instruction JAL instruction. Tools Multipath delay displayer Cache simulator by Aryani. R/I/J-type Simulator This simple datapath is of a. load word: lw instruction +-----+-----+-----+-----+ I-type format: | 100011 | R s | R t | offset | +-----+-----+-----+-----+ Effects of the instruction: R t <-- M{[R s] + [I 15]16 || [I 15..0]} PC <-- [PC] + 4 (If an illegal memory address then exception processing) Assembly format: lw R t,offset(R s) 23. store word: sw instruction +-----+-----+-----+----- All instructions have an opcode (or op) that specifies the operation (first 6 bits). There are 32 registers. (Need 5 bits to uniquely identify all 32.) There are three instruction categories: I-format, J-format, and R-format (most common)

Instruction Formats • I-format: used for instructions with immediates, lw and sw (since offset counts as an immediate), and branches (beq and bne) since branches are relative to the PC • (but not the shift instructions) • J-format: used for j and jal • R-format: used for all other instructions In this video we are going to check out the Datapath for Instruction lw. Topics discussed:1- Format of loadword instruction2- Effective address calculation3-..

Machine Instruction for Load Wor

  1. Shows how to convert the MIPS lw instruction to a 32-bit representationEncodes: lw $a3, -5($s3
  2. R & I-format Datapath The advanced datapath ADDI instruction LW instruction SW instruction BEQ instruction I-type instruction simulator. Jump Instructions J instruction JAL instruction. Tools Multipath delay displayer Cache simulator by Aryani Instructions 101. R/I/J-type Simulator This simple datapath is of a.
  3. - All instructions of the same length (32-bits = 4 bytes) - Formats are consistent with each other • Opcode always at the same place (6 most significant bits) • rd an s lw y th em p c • immed always at the same place etc. 10/8 /2004 CSE378 Instr. encoding. 3 I-type (immediate) format • An instruction with an immediate constant has the SPIM form
  4. Memory Instruction Format • The format of a load instruction: destination register. source address. lw $t0, 8($t3) any register. a constant that is added to the register in bracket

Instruction Format R-type (R for aRithmetic): 000000 1000 10010 01000 00000 100000 1 rs op rt rd shamt funct opcode operation. 6 bits. first register source operand. second register source operand. 5 bits. 5 bits. register shift destin- amount ation operand. 5 bits. 5 bits. function field selects variant of operation. 6 bits Machine Language. Layout of instruction is called instruction format All mips instructions are 32-bit long Numeric version is called machine instruction Sequence of machine instructions is called machine code mips elds { Six elds are identi ed as op Basic operation, or opcode, described in 6 bits rs First register source operand rt Second register source operan Define new instruction format that is partially consistent with R-format: First notice that, if instruction has immediate, then it uses at most 2 registers. Define fields of the following number of bits each: Again, each field has a name: Key Concept: Only one field is inconsistent with R-format. Most importantly, opcode is still in same location It just wastes instructions. Most assemblers have a collection of macros to make your life easier. You may well find that yours has support for a virtual MOVE instruction, as well as others. Some expand to just one instruction, but some expand to more than one, such as li, which usually expands to something along the lines of

  1. Switch between them using BX instruction Thumb has characteristic features: - Most Thumb instruction are executed unconditionally - Many Thumb data process instruction use a 2 ‐ address format - Thumb instruction formats are less regular than ARM instruction formats, as a result of the dense encoding.
  2. - Instruction memory takes address and supplies inst - Data memory takes address and supply data for lw - Data memory takes address and data and write into memory • We need to manage a PC and its update mechanism • We need a register file to include 32 registers - We read two operands and write a result back in register fil
  3. g microcode a new LW instruction :which has the format LWmm rt, offset (rs) LWmm performs the following operation:rt - MM [rs + offset ] 1 write RTL statements to execute .LWmm
  4. 4.1: Instruction Formats. The MIPS computer is organized in a 3-address format. Generally all instructions will have 3 addresses associated with them. For example, the instruction ADD R d, R s, R t uses three registers, the first address is the destination of the result, and the second and third are the two inputs to the ALU
  5.  Type -31- format (bits) -0- R opcode (6) rs (5) rt (5) rd (5) shamt (5) funct (6) I opcode (6) rs (5) rt (5) immediate (16) J opcode (6) address (26) 이번에는 I타입의 명령어 format에 대해서 알아.
  6. R-format 1 0 0 100 0 1 0 lw 0 1 1 110 0 0 0 sw X 1 X 001 0 0 0 beq X 0 X 000 1 0 1 PC Instruction˜ memory Read˜ address Instruction˜ [31- 0] Instruction [20- 16] Instruction [25- 21] Add Instruction [5- 0] MemtoReg ALUOp MemWrite RegWrite MemRead Branch RegDst ALUSrc Instruction [31- 26] 4 16 32 Instruction [15- 0] 0 M˜ 0 u˜ x.
  7. 9 1998 Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Machine Language: J Format • Jump (j) , Jump and link (jal) instructions have two fields - Opcode - Address • Instruction should be 32 bits (Regularity principle) - 6 bits for opcode - 26 bits for addres

ENEE 446: Digital Computer Design — The RiSC-16 Instruction-Set Architecture 3 preted as the decimal number 32. Hexadecimal numbers are preceded by the string '0x' (oh-x). For example, 0x12 is 'hex-one-two' and corresponds to the decimal number 18, not decimal 12 The offset for lw/sw must be an immediate. If your instructor claims that there's a variant of lw/sw in the MIPS instruction set that accepts register offsets then he/she is incorrect. However, there might be assemblers that accept such a variant as a pseudo-instruction, and translates it into actual MIP Instruction lw (load word) belongs to I-type format. 6 5 5 16 base dst offset MIPS has (fortunately) only three different instruction formats. The operation codes determine the format. This is how the control unit interprets the instructions. opcode rs rt address 35 19 8 32 . What is an Assembler? Assembly Machin Table 14.1 MIPS 32-bit Instruction Formats. Field Size 6-bits 5-bits 5-bits 5-bits 5-bits 6-bits R - Format Opcode Rs Rt Rd Shift Function I - Format Opcode Rs Rt Address/immediate value J - Format Opcode Branch target addres

R instructions are used when all the data values used by the instruction are located in registers. All R-type instructions have the following format: OP rd, rs, rt Where OP is the mnemonic for the particular instruction. rs, and rt are the source registers, and rd is the destination register. As an example, the add mnemonic can be used as NekoPlus_ :: MIPS 명령어. MIPS 명령어의 필드. [ op ] [ rs ] [ rt ] [ rd ] [ shamt ] [ funct ] 6bits 5bits 5bits 5bits 5bits 6bits. op : 명령어가 실행할 연산의 종류 opcode로 불리운다. rs : 첫 번째 근원지 (source) 피연산자 레지스터. rt : 두 번째 근원지 피연산자 레지스터. rd : 목적지.

Instruction Example Meaning Comments; load word: lw $1,10($2) $1=Memory[$2+10] memory to register: store word: sw $1,10($2) Memory[$2+10]=$1: register to memory: load upper immed. lui $1,10: $1=10x2^16: load constant into upper 16 bit 컴퓨터 구조 및 설계 2장. 2장 명령어: 컴퓨터 언어. 2.2 하드웨어 연산. MIPS 산술 명령어. 반드시 한 종류의 연산만 지시한다. 항상 변수 세 개를 갖는 형식을 지킨다. ex) b,c,d,e의 합을 a에 넣기. add a, b, c # a = b + c add a, a, d # a = a + d add a, a, e # a = a + e. 한 줄에 명령어. Define new instruction format that is partially consistent with R-format: First notice that, if instruction has immediate, then it uses at most 2 registers. Define fields of the following number of bits each: Again, each field has a name: Key Concept: Only one field is inconsistent with R-format. Most importantly, opcode is still in same.

Mips Datapath of Instruction Load Word lw and its Format

Format of lw/sw Operations in MIPS Assembly? - Stack Overflo

(lw, sw) even if the data memory is not used. Practical implementations use multiple cycles per instruction, which fixes some shortcomings of the 1-cycle implementation. • Faster instructions (R-type) are not held back by the slower instructions (lw, sw) • The clock cycle time can be decreased, i.e. faster clock can be use MIPS Instruction Formats . There are three types of instruction format. They are Register Type, Immediate Type, The lw instruction is used to load each word into a register. ## ## Program Name: min-max.s ## ## - will print out the minimum value min ## - and the maximum value max of an array

A.3 Floating Point Unit Instruction Format Encodings..... 322 Appendix B Revision History Figure 2-11: COP_LW Pseudocode Function..... 13 Figure 2-12: COP_LD Pseudocode Function. Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) specifies the instructions that a microprocessor can execute.It can be viewed as a programmer's manual. It clearly defines everything needed for writing either a compiler or machine language program for a microprocessor supporting particular ISA. The ISA itself does not contain hardware implementations details long instruction formats. •CSR instructions are now described in the base integer format where the counter registers are introduced, as opposed to only being introduced later in the floating-point section (and the companion privileged architecture manual). •The SCALL and SBREAK instructions have been renamed to ECALL and EBREAK, re-spectively The mfc1 and Function mtc1 instructions uses the format field as an extension of Instruction add rd, rs, rt 100000 the function field. opcode format (6) (5) Instruction add.s fd, fs, ft cvt.s.w fd, fs, ft cvt.w.s fd, fs, ft div.s fd, fs, ft mfc1 ft, fs mov.s fd, fs mtc1 ft, fs mul.s fd, fs, ft sub.s fd, fs, ft ft (5) Function 000000 100000 100100 000011 000000 000110 000000 000010 000001 fs (5.

[ 컴퓨터구조 ] MIPS Instructions (+Instruction to binary

  1. lw $4, 0($3) # load value of x into R4 la $3, y # load address of y into R3 (pseudo-inst) lw $5, 0($3) # load value of y into R5 add $6, $4, $5 # compute x+y jr $31 # return to calling routine.data # declare data segment.align 2 # align it on 4-byte boundary x:.word 10 # initialize x to 10 y:.word 3 # initialize y to 3 Note: progra
  2. This format has fields for specifying of up to three registers and a shift amount. For instructions that do not use all of these fields, the unused fields are coded with all 0 bits. All R-type instructions use a 000000 opcode. The operation is specified by the function field
  3. • Information comes from the 32 bits of the instruction •Example: add $8, $17, $18 Instruction Format: 000000 10001 10010 01000 00000100000 op rs rt rd shamt funct • ALU's operation based on instruction type and function code • e.g., what should the ALU do with this instruction • Example: lw $1, 100($2) 35 2 1 100 op rs rt 16 bit offse
  4. lw t3, 16(t0) slt t0, t1, 0x6eb21 Machine instructions A HARDWARE MAGIC OCCURS Letter m Drawing of bird ANSWERS. •MIPS defines three basic instruction formats (all 32 bits wide) J-type opcode (6) Jump address (26) Example 000010 00000000000000000001000000 j 64 •To form the full 32-bit jump target
  5. 2.2 Base Instruction Formats. In the base RV32I ISA, there are four core instruction formats (R/I/S/U), as shown in Figure 1.2.All are a fixed 32 bits in length and must be aligned on a four-byte boundary in memory. An instruction-address-misaligned exception is generated on a taken branch or unconditional jump if the target address is not four-byte aligned
  6. The lw instruction also depends (and only depends) on the add instruction right before it. If the program is executed on the pipelined datapath: (a) What would be the actual CPI? (b) Without; Question: We have a program of 10^3 instructions in the format of lw, add, lw, add, . The add instruction depends (and only depends) on the lw.
  7. RISC-V base instruction formats. RV32I can be divided into six basic instruction formats. R-type instructions for register-register operations, an I-type instructions for immediate and load operations, and S-type instructions for store operations. B-type instructions for conditional branch operations

long instruction formats. CSR instructions are now described in the base integer format where the counter registers are introduced, as opposed to only being introduced later in the oating-point section (and the companion privileged architecture manual). The SCALL and SBREAK instructions have been renamed to ECALL and EBREAK, re-spectively © Bucknell University 2014. GNU General Public Licensing. Developed for CSCI 320 - Computer Architecture by Tiago Bozzetti, Ellie Easse & Chau Tieu 10%cslwcs. The program contains 1,000,000 instructions in total. How much time is needed to run this program? With this new processor, the time = 1,000,000 * 81ns = 81ms d). Please write down an as-simple-as-possible decompositionof the cslwcs instruction in terms of cs,cslw, lw, sw and/or R-format instructions. Thus the original processor can b I-FORMAT INSTRUCTIONS Now that we have a complete datapathfor R-format instructions, let's add in support for I-format instructions. In our limited MIPS instruction set, these are lw, sw, and beq. •The opfield is used to identify the type of instruction. •The rsfield is the source register Instruction Opcode/Function Syntax Operation trap : 011010: o i: Dependent on OS; different values for immed26 specify different operations

[컴퓨터 구조]Chapter 2

  1. 1 MIPS Instruction Set Arithmetic Instructions Instruction Example Meaning Comments add add $1,$2,$3 $1=$2+$3 subtract sub $1,$2,$3 $1=$2-$3 add immediate addi $1,$2,100 $1=$2+100 Immediate means a constant number add unsigned addu $1,$2,$3 $1=$2+$3 Values are treated as unsigned integers, not two's complement integers subtract unsigned subu $1,$2,$3 $1=$2-$3 Values are treated as unsigne
  2. The memory-reference instructions load word (lw) and store word (sw) The arithmetic-logical instructions add, sub, and, or, and slt; The instructions branch equal (beq) and jump (j) to be considered in the end. This subset does not include all the integer instructions (for example, shift, multiply, and divide are missing), nor does it include any floating-point instructions. However, the key.
  3. Instruction Encodings Register 000000ss sssttttt dddddaaa aaffffff Immediate ooooooss sssttttt iiiiiiii iiiiiiii Jump ooooooii iiiiiiii iiiiiiii iiiiiiii Instruction.
  4. The format of these instructions is: op code, Destination register, source register, shift amount. The shift amout is usually a constant, 1-31 bits make sense. It may also be contained in a register (variable shift)
  5. MIPS (Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipelined Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA): A-1: 19 developed by MIPS Computer Systems, now MIPS Technologies, based in the United States.. There are multiple versions of MIPS: including MIPS I, II, III, IV, and V; as well as five releases of MIPS32/64 (for 32- and 64-bit implementations, respectively)
  6. Figure 2-11: COP_LW Pseudocode Function software, and programmable fields and registers), and various floating point instruction formats, such as S, D, and PS • is used for the memory access types, such ascached and uncached 1.1.2 Bold Text • represents a term that is beingdefine
  7. Branch and Jump Instructions. In all instructions below, Src2 can either be a register or an immediate value (integer). Branch instructions use a signed 16-bit offset field; hence they can jump 2^15 -1 instructions (not bytes) forward or 2^15 instructions backward. The jump instruction contains a 26-bit address field

CSE 420 Chapter 2 — Instructions: Language of the Computer — 20 Representing Instructions ! Instructions are encoded in binary ! Called machine code ! MIPS instructions ! Encoded as 32-bit instruction words (Regularity!) ! Small number of formats encode opcode, register numbers, ! Register numbers 6.823 L5- 2 Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) Arvind versus Implementation • ISA is the hardware/software interface - Defines set of programmer visible state - Defines instruction format (bit encoding) and instruction semantics -Examples: MIPS, x86, IBM 360, JVM • Many possible implementations of one IS The instruction set architecture (ISA) is a protocol that defines how a computing machine appears to a machine language programmer or compiler. The ISA describes the (1) memory model, (2) instruction format, types and modes, and (3) operand registers, types, and data addressing. Instruction types include arithmetic , logical, data transfer, and. previous MIPS R2000 instructions performs 1 operation and has exactly 3 operands. This will be the general format for many MIPS R2000 instructions since, as we mentioned before, we want MIPS R2000 instructions to have a rigid, simple structure. In the case of add, this implies only two operands can be added at a time

MIPS Instruction Formats - Kalamazoo Colleg

MIPS instruction formats Every assembly language instruction is translated into a machine code instruction in one of three formats 6 bits 5 bits 5 bits 5 bits 5 bits 6 bits R 000000 rs rt rd shamt funct I op rs rt address/immediate J op target address = 32 bits Register-type Immediate-type Jump-type 9/3 Undefined Instruction: Finite state control must be modifed to define the next-state value as 10 (the eleventh state of our control FSM) for all operation types other than the five that are allowed (i.e., lw, sw, beg, jump, and R-format)

Organization of Computer Systems: ISA, Machine Language

Mips Datapath of Instruction Load Word lw and its Format with English Subtitles

The Plasma CPU is based on the MIPS I (TM) instruction set. There are 32, 32-bit general purpose registers. - The value of register R0 is always zero. - R31 is used as the link register to return from a subroutine. - The program counter (pc) specifies the address of the next opcode All instructions are 32-bits ! Easier to fetch and decode in one cycle ! c.f. x86: 1- to 17-byte instructions ! Few and regular instruction formats ! Can decode and read registers in one step ! Load/store addressing ! Can calculate address in 3rd stage, access memory in 4th stage ! Alignment of memory operands

Encoding the MIPS I-format instruction LW - load word - Rec 04 26 20 003 - YouTub

C comments have format /* comment */ so they can span many lines Assembly Instructions In assembly language, each statement (called an Instruction), executes exactly one of a short list of simple commands Unlike in C (and most other High Level Languages), each line of assembly code contains at most 1 instruction MIPS Instruction Converter. Welcome to the MIPS Instruction Converter! This tool lets you convert between most common MIPS instructions and their hexadecimal (and binary) equivalents! Just enter your instruction or hex, select whether you use register names or numbers, and click convert MIPS는 32비트 기반의 CPU이고 명령어도 32비트로 구성되어 있다. 자, 그렇다면 세가지 타입의 명령어에 대해서 하나 하나 알아보도록 하자. (1) R타입 인스트럭션 ( 명령어 ) 지금부터 인스트럭션이란 말대신 명령어란 말을 쓰겠다. 한글을 사랑하는 마음과 글자 수가. Instruction encoding means the MIPS instruction are translated into binary numbers and then bring back to original format for human understanding (decoding). Encoding should be done in a way that decoding is easy. MIPS ISA has a 32-bit fixed instruction encoding. MIPS instruction formats include: I-Format. J-Format Usage. Just enter valid MIPS code into the first text box below and the corresponding binary mips code will appear in the second text box. All MIPS opcode and functions are referenced from here

Video: Mips Instruction Format PDF Instruction Set Mips Instruction Se

I-Format Instructions - Illinois Institute of Technolog

Difference between LW and SW in MIPS assembly - Electrical Engineering Stack Exchang

PPT - Lecture 8

New instructions: Implement register indirect conditional branches (beqrand bner) as pseudo-instructions. Give a proposal for adding them to the ISA (i.e., describe how they could be encoded in the I-Type, R-Type, or J-Type format, and propose an opcode for them (use Figure B.10.2)). Give a (brief) argument for or against their inclusion 1 pseudo instruction Philipp Koehn Computer Systems Fundamentals: MIPS Pseudo Instructions and Functions 2 October 201 MIPS instruction formats All MIPS instructions are 32 bits long, has 3 formats R‐type I‐type J‐type op rs rt rd shamt func 6 bits 5 bits 5 bits 5 bits 5 bits 6 bits op rs rt immediate 6 bits 5 bits 5 bits 16 bits op immediate (target address) 6 bits 26 bit Instructions are all 32 bits. byte (8 bits), halfword (2 bytes), word (4 bytes) a character requires 1 byte of storage. an integer requires 1 word (4 bytes) of storage. Literals: numbers entered as is. e.g. 4. characters enclosed in single quotes. e.g. 'b'. strings enclosed in double quotes. e.g. A string x86 integer instructions. Below is the full 8086/8088 instruction set of Intel (81 instructions total). Most if not all of these instructions are available in 32-bit mode; they just operate on 32-bit registers (eax, ebx, etc.) and values instead of their 16-bit (ax, bx, etc.) counterparts.See also x86 assembly language for a quick tutorial for this processor family

Solved: The Following MIPS Code Is Executed On A 5-s Forwa

data transfer instructions A simple data path that does an instruction in one clock cycle Each datapath element can only do one function at a time Hence, we need separate instruction and data memories Use multiplexers where alternate data sources are used for different instructions Chapter 4 —The Processor — 2 instructions in a format that could be stored in memory just like data. — The processor interprets and executes instructions from memory. — One machine could perform many different tasks, just by loading different programs into memory. — The stored program design is often called a Von Neumann machine

MIPS) Implement in Microprogramming microcode a new Chegg

PPT - CS325 Instructions: Language of the Machine MIPS1 Recap

4.1: Instruction Formats - Engineering LibreText

The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine ( JALM ), issued bi-monthly, is published online by the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. The journal welcomes contributions that showcase research on clinically relevant laboratory topics as well as those that provide commentary on the practice of laboratory medicine ii) the machine code for each instruction at the code column, and the data segment where we can have a look at a representation of the memory of a processor with little-endian order. After assembling, we can execute our code either all at once (F5) or step by step (F7), as well as rewinding the execution several steps backwards to the back (F8) • jal uses the j instruction format: • We wish to add jal to the single cycle datapath in Figure 5.24 page 314. Add any necessary datapaths and control signals to the single-clock datapath and justify the need for the modifications, if any. • Specify control line values for this instruction. Adding Support for jal to Single Cycle Datapat lw $5,200($2) xor $7,$6,$5 (d) How many cycles will it take to execute this code? Answer: There must be a stall between lw and add, and a stall between lw and xor. We could consider that 7 cycles (5 instructions and 2 stalls) are needed to fetch the five instructions, and 4 extra cycles are needed to finish executing the last instruction - xor SOLUTIONS FOR ASSIGNMENT # 3 Chapter 5 Problems 5.8, 5.10, 5.13, 5.28 5.8 Show the needed changes to the single cycle processor design of MIPS shown below to support the jump register instruction JR of the MIPS instruction set architecture. Instr RegDst ALUSrc Mem toReg Reg Write Mem Read Mem Write Branch ALUO

If you don't know any assembly programming or perhaps don't know much coding at all then RISC-V may be one of the better assembly languages to start with. Sure, there are way more x86 assembl